Kazakhstan's OSCE presidency will be remembered for the country's efforts to give a new impulse to this authoritative international organization and effective and decisive actions made during the events in Kyrgyzstan in 2010.
Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan down the ages enjoy brotherly ties and good-neighborly relations. Both countries gained independence, and to a large extent, took a similar stand at the beginning of their sovereign development. However, Kyrgyzstan had no then a strong and influential national leader to pull the nation together and inspire to development, steer the government machine work to the country's socio-economic development, and strengthen the nationhood. As a result the Kyrgyz society failed to understand in due time the problem, arising when the West and Europe's democracy sample is placed on the ground unprepared for. The parliamentary democracy estimated once as Kyrgyzstan's breakthrough turned to be incomplete to overcome difficulties coming from poor economic development and inequality of the society with no strong leader to overcome the trend of breaking up on an ethnic basis.
> Map of Kyrgyzstan
During those events, later referred to as a "tulip revolution", Kazakhstan and other states of the region maintained the position of amiability to new authorities of Kyrgyzstan.
The April events showed that for the past five years Kyrgyz authorities failed to settle the socio-economic problems, build an efficient system of government administration. The events set the country in turmoil again.
Rosa Otunbayeva was selected by opposition leaders as head of a Kyrgyz interim government, following widespread rioting in Bishkek and the ousting of President Kurmanbek Bakiyev. As the first revolution, the April violence was attended by foray and seizure of public property. Besides, there were reported interethnic clashes, mainly between Kyrgyz and Uzbek people. Later in June the conflicts escalated into large-scale violence resulted in death of many people, destruction of Osh and Jalal-Abad cities, fleeing of Uzbeks to the neighboring Uzbekistan. The ex-president Bakiyev had no many supporters and there arose a threat of a conflict between the country's south and north.
Taking this fact into consideration at the Global Antinuclear Summit in Washington Nursultan Nazarbayev met with presidents of Russia and the US. Barack Obama and Dmitry Medvedev addressed Nursultan Nazarbayev with a request to arrange evacuation of K. Bakiyev from Kyrgyzstan.
As far as all the countries are concerned over this situation at the meetings in Washington everyone showed interest in position of Kazakhstan as of a neighboring state.
OSCE Chairman-in-Office, Secretary of State - Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan Kanat Saudabayev told April 15 that as a result of joint efforts of President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, President of the United States of America Barack Obama and President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev and intermediary actions of the OSCE, UN and EU an agreement was reached with the Kyrgyz interim government and President Kurmanbek Bakiyev on departure of the latter from the country. Bakiyev accompanied by the Kazakh Special Forces group left the country on board of the Kazakh carrier.
"I think we have prevented civil conflicts escalating to clashes between the south and north regions of Kyrgyzstan, in other words, we completed a good mission on behalf of the OSCE, heads of state which expressed deep concern," Nursultan Nazarbayev told a briefing. Thus, Kazakhstan as the OSCE Chairman-in-Office, made every effort the world community expected of. The ex-president left the country and this step prevented further escalation of the civil conflict. Kanat Saudabayev, OSCE Chairman-in-Office, and his special envoys visited Kyrgyzstan more than once to have talks with representatives of new authorities and opposition. Kazakhstan bent every effort to settle the situation in Kyrgyzstan and get the country back to legal environment.
At the 10th summit of Turkish-speaking countries held in Istanbul last September President Nursultan Nazarbayev said: "The main reason of the intricate situation existed in neighboring Kyrgyzstan as is known is the unsolved socio-economic problems. We worry about the people." Kazakhstan lends all-round support to Kyrgyzstan on bilateral basis and within the OSCE, sends humanitarian assistance.
The President urged to pay special attention when rendering Kyrgyzstan to certain and practical efficiency of the measures taken. Nursultan Nazarbayev highlighted that the assistance rendered to the country contributes to safeguarding of peace and security in Central Asia.
Highly appreciating the foreign policy initiatives of Kazakhstan, particularly, as the OSCE Chairman-in-Office, the world's most influential statesmen and experts always stress the importance of the timely and decisive measures Kazakhstan had taken during the crisis in Kyrgyzstan. Kazakhstan's efforts may set in its way the pace. And efficiency of these efforts, in its turn, is ensured by high political prestige of the First President of Kazakhstan -Leader of the Nation Nursultan Nazarbayev and his efforts aimed at enhancing of our statehood.