Seoul summit has just ended, but its results were laid long before its start. No doubt we are witnessing only the beginning of the birth of the international tradition on the regulation of nuclear weapons and nuclear safety, professor Anton Caragea, director of Bucharest Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation believes.
According to the press service of the Kazakh MFA, Caragea said that "even if the Seoul summit did not reach much success in the international settlement, though it offered a successful model for management of nuclear safety with the simultaneous rejection of illusory protection offered by the nuclear weapons in exchange for international commitment to ensure its security. We are talking about Kazakhstan.
World leaders paid tribute to the Central Asian country and its leader Nursultan Nazarbayev. First among them was the President of the United States, Barack Obama, who described Kazakhstan as an example for the world and expressed his support for initiatives of this country to create an international nuclear fuel bank.
At a time when we are confronted with the shortcomings of the legal framework on nuclear safety, there increases the need for successful examples that can be offered as a model to the countries that have launched programs to develop nuclear weapons.
Certainly, Kazakhstan is the successful story of nuclear disarmament: the elimination of an impressive arsenal of more than a thousand warheads, inherited from the Soviet Union, the prohibition of nuclear tests at the Semipalatinsk test site in exchange for security guarantees and the international recognition of its borders. In today's world Kazakhstan and the architect of this enlightened policy, President Nursultan Nazarbayev have a long track record of incomparable achievements.
In addition to persistent pursuit of nuclear disarmament, Kazakhstan has joined the Global Partnership "G-8" against the spread of weapons and materials of mass destruction, and in 2005 ratified the amendments to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material envisaging it's entry into force in 2014 and in 2010 successfully held the Astana Conference "Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism."
Kazakhstan will not rest on its laurels. President Nursultan Nazarbayev has used the high prestige of his country for the promotion of measures that offer the possibility of using nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, such as:
- adoption of legally binding rules on nuclear safety;
- establishing mechanisms for rapid response to emergencies at nuclear facilities;
- providing all states equal access to civilian nuclear technology and sources of low-enriched uranium, including through the International Nuclear Fuel Bank.
The growing support of the world leaders to the Kazakh President's vision of a world free of nuclear weapons has offered a new chance for the Seoul Summit. The value of this concept is reflected in the words of President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev: "Based on the experience of our country that voluntarily renounced the fourth nuclear arsenal in the world, I can tell that the real security guarantees are provided by sustainable socio-economic development."
If the world learns the lesson of Kazakhstan, the mankind can get a chance for a better future."